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On May 20, 1498, with the arrival of Vasco da Gama on the Calicut port of India, the sea route was opened between Europe and Eastern countries. With this, India became the most prominent trading center for European countries, and the ambition of establishing a monopoly on the trade of spices in European countries increased, resulting in numerous naval battles. Here we are giving details of the facts related to Indian history, which will tell you that when and for the first time the British had landed on the Indian soil.

How did the British East Company be formed?

In order to do business with South and South-East Asian nations, the British Joint Stock Company, known as East India Company, was founded by John Watts and George White in 1600 AD. Initially, the shareholders of this joint-stock company were mainly British merchants and elite people and the East India Company had no direct connection with the British government.


British arrival in the Indian subcontinent

On August 24, 1608, the British came to India on Surat port of India for the purpose of trade, but after 7 years, under the leadership of Sir Thomas Row (Ambassador of James I), the British received a royal decree to establish a factory in Surat. After this, a similar royal decree was obtained from the Vijayanagar empire to establish East India Company to set up its second factory in Madras.

Gradually, through the diplomacy of the British, the British expelled another European business company from India and expanded its business
institutions. British established many trading centers in the eastern and western coastal areas of India and British culture was developed around
Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. The British mainly used to trade silk, blue, cotton, tea and opium.

After successfully establishing its factories in South and Western India, the company focused on the East. The company first focused its attention
mainly on the Mughal province of Bengal. Bengal Governor Sujahuddin gave permission for the East India Company to run his business activities
in Bengal in 1651 AD.

A factory was established in Hooghly and in 1668 AD, three villages named Sultani, Govindpur and Kolkata were purchased to set up the factory. Later Fort William was built around the factory to protect the factory. The city of Calcutta was developed at this place.

How and why did a British company become a monopoly on Indian power?

During the trade, the British saw that India was completely disorganized, socially and economically, and there was mutual differences between the people and seeing this difference, the British started thinking about governing India. By the 1750s, the East India Company had started interfering in Indian politics.

In the battle of Plassey in 1757, East India Company, under the leadership of Robert Clive, defeated Nawab Sirajuddaula of Bengal. With this, the rule of East India Company was established in India. Ultimately, after the independence movement of 1857 or the rebellion of 1857, the rule of East India Company ended in India in 1858. After the departure of the East India Company from India, the British Crown had direct control over India, which is known as the British Raj.


Author Bio:

Ariya Willson is fun loving and loves to blog. She is a storyteller, a History and looks forward to anything adventurous. She is a seasoned writer with experience in writing on any topic that catches her fancy.