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No. 1.


_To the Directors of the East India Company._[24]


As the Act allowing a Drawback of the whole of the customs paid on tea,

if exported to America, is now passed, in which there is a clause

empowering the Lords of the Treasury to grant licences to the India

Company, to export tea, duty free, to foreign States, or America, having

at the time of granting such licences upwards of ten millions of pounds

in their warehouses, and as the present stock of tea is not only near

seventeen million, but the quantity expected to arrive this season does

also considerably exceed the ordinary demand of twelve months, and the

expediency of exporting tea to foreign States having been considered, I

presume to lay before this Court the following extracts, &c., from

letters relative to the consumption in America, and calculation of

advantages attending the exportation of tea by licence, and as an

assurance the same are formed upon some experience of this trade (having

not only been concerned in a great part of the tea which has been

shipped to America since the allowance of the drawback, in 1767; but

being now about to repurchase at your ensuing sale no small quantity of

Bohea tea for the same account,) I am desirous, at my own hazard, to

include in such purchase, an assortment of all other kinds, viz.:

Congou, Souchong and Hyson, but more particularly the several species of

Singlo, namely, Hyson, Skin, Twankay and First Sort, from a conviction

that, by degrees, the consumption of these species, also and

particularly Singlo tea, might be introduced into America, at least so

far for the benefit of the Company, as in part to relieve them from the

disagreeable necessity, they will, without some such vend, be subject

to, of forcing that species of tea to market, before it is greatly

damaged by age, provided you are of opinion the same may possibly tend

to the advantage of the Company; or, should it be the opinion of this

Court, an immediate consignment should take place, I am ready to give

such assistance towards carrying the same into execution as may be

thought most conducive to the interest of the Company, together with

such security as the nature of the trust may require. In the prosecution

of these consignments, I would propose to obtain a more exact

computation of the actual consumption; what quantity might probably find

a sale there, and the most probable means of success in such sales,

whether by waiting for a demand in the ordinary way, or by public sales

there; conducted upon the outlines of those made in England, by fixing a

future day of payment, and by a restriction in selling any future

quantity for a limited time, but particularly (under my mode) in what

manner, and within what time assurances can be given by remittances

being made on account of such sales.

              I am, gentlemen, your humble servant,

                                                           WM. PALMER.

London, 19th May, 1773.




_Extract from a Letter from Boston, dated 29th April, 1771, in Answer to

a Consignment made in February, 1771, at 3s. 1d., with the whole

drawback of £23 18s. 7-1/2d. pr cent.:_


"Were it not for the Holland tea, the vent of English would have

answered your expectation here, but the profit is immense upon the

Holland tea, which some say cost but 18d., and the 3d. duty here is

saved. Many hundred chests have been imported. What is shipped may go

off in time, without loss, for there must be buyers of English tea; the

transportation of the Dutch by water being attended with much trouble

and risk."


_Extract from a Letter from Boston, dated 11th July, 1771:_

"So much tea has been imported from Holland, that the importers from

England have been obliged to sell for little or no profit. The Dutch

traders, it is said, had their first teas at 18d. pr lb., the last at

2s.; either is much cheaper than from England, and they save the 3d.

duty here. The Company must keep theirs nearer the prices in Holland.

The consumption is prodigious."


_Extract from a Letter from Boston, 2d Sepr., 1771:_

"The consumption of Bohea tea thro' the Continent increases every year.

It is difficult for us to say how great it is at present. We imagine

there may be consumed in this Province, which is perhaps a seventh part

of the Continent, 3000 chests in a year. We are sure nothing can

discourage the running of it but the reducing the price as low, or

lower, than it was two or three years past in England"


_Extract from a Letter from Boston, (Messrs. Hutchinson,) dated 10th

Sepr., 1771:_

"From a more particular estimate of the consumption we are of opinion,

the two towns of Boston and Charlestown consume a chest, or about 340

pounds of tea, one day with another. These two towns are not more than

one-eighth, perhaps not more than one-tenth, part of the Province.

Suppose they consume but 300 chests in a year, and allow they are but

one-eighth, it will make 2400 chests a year for the whole Province. This

Province is not one-eighth part of the Colonies, and in the other

governments, especially New York, they consume tea in much greater

proportion than in this Province. In this proportion, the consumption

may be estimated at 19,200 chests per annum, or upwards of six millions

of pounds. Yet at New York or Pensylvania they import no teas from

England, and at Rhode Island very little. Here we find the Dutch traders

continually gaining ground upon us. If teas do not sail with you before

the spring shippings, we fear the Dutch will carry away all the trade of

the Colonies in this article."


_Extract of a Letter from Boston, dated 11th Sepr., 1772:_

"We have delayed answering your last enquiries relative to the tea

concern, in hopes of being able to form a better judgment, but to no

great purpose; the great importation from Holland, principally through

New York and Philadelphia, keeps down the price here, and consequently

the sale of teas from England. We have set ours so low we shall have no

profit from this years adventure, yet there are 50 chests still on hand.

You ask our opinion whether the difference between the English and Dutch

teas, if it did not exceed the 3d. duty and 9 pr cent., would be

sufficient encouragement to the illicit trader? If the difference was

not greater we think some of the smugglers would be discouraged, but the

greater part would not. Nothing will be effectual short of reducing the

price in England equal to the price in Holland. If no other burthen than

the 3d. duty in the Colonies, to save that alone would not be

sufficient profit, and the New Yorkers, &c., would soon break thro'

their solemn engagements not to import from England."


_Extract from a Letter from Boston, dated 25th Feb., 1773, in Answer to

a calculation sent of the supposed price at which the illicit trader can

now import tea into America from Holland:_

"In your calculation of the profits on Dutch teas, 12 pr cent. is too

much to deduct for the risque of illicit trade. We are confident not one

chest in five hundred has been seized in this Province for two or three

years past, and the custom house officers seem unwilling to run any risk

to make a seisure. At New York, we are told it is carted about at noon

day. There is some expence in landing, which we believe the importers

would give five pr cent. to be freed from."


_Copy of a Letter from Rotterdam, dated 12th June, 1772:_

"I have to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 5th instant,

desiring information of the present state and prices of tea at this

market, and also what the freight and charges are thereon to North

America, to all which I cheerfully give you every elucidation in my

power, and with the greatest pleasure, as neither you nor your friends

have any thought of engaging in said trade, which, with every other

branch of smuggling, must be held in abhorrence by all good men. The

present prices of tea are--


                                           _d._     _d._

  Dutch Bohea's, in whole chests,          20 @     22

    "      "        half     "             22       24

    "      "      quarter    "             24       25

  Swedish,        whole      "             21       22

  Danish,           "        "             21       22-1/2

  Congo,                                   28       45

  Souchon,                                 36       65

  Peco,                                    32       55

  Imperial,                                49       50

  Green,                                   48       50

  Tonkay,                                  52       53

  Heysan Skin,                             60       62

  Heysan,                                  90       95</pre>

The tare on whole chests is 84 lbs., if they weigh less than 400 lbs.,

and if they weigh 400 lbs. or upwards, then 90 lbs.; for the half

chests, under 200 lbs., tare 54 lbs.; if 200 lbs., or upwards, then 60

lbs.; for the quarter chests, under 100 lbs., tare, 23 lbs.; if 100

lbs., or upwards, then 30 lbs. The advantages on the tares are

calculated at 7 or 8 pr cent. on the whole chests, at 12 @ 13 pr cent.

on the half chests, and at 15 @ 16 per cent. on the quarter chests. The

quantity of teas on hand is not considerable, so that we do not

apprehend a decline; on the contrary, if any orders of the least

importance were to appear, the prices would go higher. There are now

about 400 chests shipping for America, from Amsterdam, from which port

the teas that go to North America from this country are always shipped,

and not from this city; they are sent to Rhode Island, and not to

Boston. Of Green teas there are hardly any left, neither fine Souchong

nor Congos, but ordinary, in abundance. The freight of a whole chest of

Bohea to St. Eustatius, one of the Dutch West India Islands, comes to

about 7-1/4s. pr chest. It is reckoned by the foot square, at 6s. the

foot to North America. It is generally £4 pr chest, New York currency,

but the captain is not answerable in any case of seizure.

Agreeable to your desire, I send you a pro forma invoice of 6 chests

Dutch Boheas, so as they come to stand on board if they were shipped

here; but as the shipping is at Amsterdam, the charges may be somewhat

higher. In regard to what they estimate, the risk that in America for

running in the teas I cannot inform you, this you may be better able to

learn from some of your New England houses, as our underwriters will not

sign against the risk of seizures; but I fancy the risk is not very

great, as the trade is carried on for so large parcels.


Pro forma invoice of 6 chests of Dutch Bohea tea:


  320 Tare of 4 chests, under       400


  360   at 84 lb. each,      336}   2270

  370                           }

  390 do. of 2 chests above     }   516

  410  400 @ 90 lb. each     180}  ---- 1754 @ 24s. £2104  16

  420                                off 1 pr cent.,   21   2


                                                    £2083  14


  Custom and Passport,                       £20  4s

  Sleding,                                     1  7

  1/2 weigh money,                            13  0

  Brokerage,                                  10  8

  Shipping,                                    3  0

  Commission, 2 per cent. on £2131 13s.       42 12


                                                      90 11


                                                   Â£2174  5[25]</pre>

_Estimate of the advantages attending the Tea trade to North America, if

carried on from England:_

Observe 1st. In the following calculation, no more than half the

consumption of the Continent, as estimated by Messrs. Hutchinson, in

their letter of the 10th Sepr., 1771, is assumed as the whole, as from

the mode in which they were under the necessity of making their

estimate, it was liable to error, and 19,200 chests is more than has

been hitherto annually imported from China by all foreign companies.

2ndly. That this calculation is formed upon Bohea tea only, the species

of tea already consumed there; yet it is probable by degrees other

species might be introduced, the vend of which may be more profitable to

the Company. 9600 chests of Bohea tea, each containing 340 lbs., makes

3,264,000 lbs., if sold at 2s. 6d. Boston currency, (which is 4d. lower

than it appears to have been even at the time it was purchased in

Holland, at 15 stivers, or under 18d. pr lb., amounts to


 Deduct 25 pr cent. for exchange,                 102,000

  Sterling,                                       £306,000

  Deduct 6 pr cent. for commission and charges,     18,360

  Annual net proceeds before the American  }      Â£287,640

    duty is deducted,                      }

_Application of those Net proceeds to the following purposes:_

  To the revenue for the duty on 3,264,000, @ 3d.        Â£40,800

  To the ship owners, for freight from England to

    America, if according to the present rate of

    15 pr chest,                                           7,200

  To the ship owners for freight from China to

    England, according to Sir Richard Hotham's

    plan, of £21 pr ton, of 10 hundred weight, or

    for every 3 chests of tea,                            67,200

  To the purchase at Canton, if at 15 tale pr pecul

    would amount thus: say 3,264,000 lb., divided

    by 133-1/3 for each pecul, makes peculs 24,480

    @ 15 each, is tales 367,200, which, at 6s. 8d. pr

    tale, is sterling,                                   122,400

  Commission on the purchase in China,                     6,120

  Charges of all sorts, rated at 10s. pr chest,            4,600



  To the Company for Net profit after all deductions}

  whatsoever upon the most reduced                  }     39,320

  estimate, upwards of 30 pr cent. on the purchase, }






No. 2.




    I take the liberty to enclose for your consideration a

    memorial, regarding the establishment of a branch from the

    East India house in one of the principal cities in North

    America. Should the design meet with your approbation, as I

    am well acquainted with the teas most saleable in that

    country, shall be extremely happy in giving you every

    information in my power, I have the honor to be with due

    esteem, gentlemen,

             Your most obedt. & very humble servant,

                                                 GILB'T BARKLY.

    Lombard Street,

        26th May, 1773.





    _The Memorial of Gilbert Barkly, merchant, in Philadelphia,

    in North America, who resided there upwards of sixteen

    years, and who is well acquainted with the consumption of

    that country, particularly in the article of Teas, &c._

    Humbly proposes. In order to put a final stop to that

    destructive trade of smuggling:

    That the Company should open a chamber in one of the

    principal, & central cities, of North America, under the

    direction of managers, and that an assortment of teas from

    England should be lodged in warehouses, and sales to

    commence quarterly upon the same terms & conditions as those

    in London.

    By this means the merchants and grocers from the Southern

    and Northern Provinces will attend the sales and purchase

    according to their abilities. The goods thus brought from

    home to them, and sold cheaper than they can be smuggled

    from foreigners, the buyers will be bound by interest, and

    think no more of running that risk, to which may be added

    that they have them when paid for, immediately, for whereas,

    when commissioned from abroad, they generally wait six

    months before the receipt of them.

    This country is now become an object of the highest

    consequence, peopled by about three millions of inhabitants,

    one third of whom, at a moderate computation, drink tea

    twice a day, which third part, reckoning to each person one

    fourth part of an ounce pr day, makes the yearly consumption

    of 5,703,125 lbs. This quantity, at the medium price of 2s.

    6d. pr lb., amounts to £712,890 2s. 6d.

    The common people in all countries are the greatest body,

    few of those in North Briton or Ireland drink tea, this is

    not the case in America, all the planters are the real

    proprietors of the lands they possess; by this means they

    can afford to come at this piece of luxury, which has been

    greatly introduced among them by the example of the Dutch

    and German settlers.

    The great object to be considered is to bring the goods to

    market in such a manner as to afford them as cheap as they

    can be bought of foreigners. Should this be the case the

    success of the design is beyond a doubt.

    The duty of 3d. pr lb. some time ago laid on teas payable in

    America, gave the colonists great umbrage, and occasioned

    their smuggling that article into the country from Holland,

    France, Sweden, Lisbon, &c., St. Eustatia, in the West

    Indies, &c., which, from the extent of the coast,

    (experience has taught) cannot be prevented by custom

    officers, or the king's cruizers, and as the wisdom of

    Parliament reckons it impolitical to take off this duty, the

    colonists will persevere in purchasing that article in the

    usual manner if the above method is not adopted, and the

    goods brought into their country and sold as cheap as they

    can have them abroad.

    The freight, &c., of teas to America would not much exceed

    what they might cost to Holland, or any other foreign

    company, particularly as the ships may load back with masts,

    and other goods that might nigh pay the whole expence, and

    should the Company think of exporting their overstock of

    teas to Holland, or any other foreign country, it is not to

    be expected that the merchants abroad would buy them but

    with a view of profit. This, with freight, commission, duty,

    &c., would far exceed the expence of sales and freight to


    If this scheme should be approved of, the sooner it is

    executed the better, as the smugglers in America will soon

    be laying in their fall and winter stock of teas, unless

    they are prevented by this design, and as Spanish dollars

    are the current coin in that country, the Company can be

    furnished with any quantity they may require towards their

    payment, should they require it.

    The managers may be paid by a commission on the sales, and

    at the same time bound to obey such orders and directions

    as they may receive from time to time from the Hon'ble the

    Court of Directors, and as your memorialist is universally

    acquainted with the trade, and has respectable connections

    in that country, he humbly offers himself as a proper person

    to be one of the managers, and if required, will find

    security for the trust reposed in him. Your memorialist also

    presumes to mention John Inglis, Esq., of the city of

    Philadelphia, as another proper person, being universally

    esteemed in America, and well known in the city of London,

    as a man of probity, fortune and respect.



No. 3.



    Dear Sir:

    The annual consumption of teas in Nova Scotia is about 20

    chests Bohea, and 3 or 4 of good Common Green. Should the

    Company determine on sending any to that Province, I pray

    your interest in procuring the commission to Watson's &

    Rashleigh's agent there, John Butler, a man of long standing

    in the Province and in the Council, and by far the fittest

    person to be employed, for whom W. & R. will be answerable.

    At Boston I have two friends equally deserving. You would do

    the Company service, and me an acceptable kindness, by

    recommending them, Benjamin Faneuil, Jun., & Joshua Winslow.

    The consumption at Boston is large, say at least 400 chests

    Bohea & 50 of Green pr annum. The freight to both these

    places I should be glad to have if you could procure it

    without inconvenience to yourself.

                         Yours faithfully,

                                                BROOK WATSON.[26]

    4 June, 1773.



No. 4.



    _Received from the Hon'ble Mr. Walpole._[27]

    As Philadelphia is the capital of one of the most populous

    and commercial Provinces in North America, and is situated

    in the center of the middle British Colonies, it is


    That the East India Company should, by the middle of June at

    farthest, send to Philadelphia at least five hundred chests

    of black teas, one hundred half chests of green teas, and

    seventy five half chests of Congou and Souchon teas.

    That they should consign these teas to a house of character

    and fortune in Philadelphia, and direct the proceeds thereof

    to be remitted hither in bills of exchange or specie.

    That previous, however, to the teas being shipped, factors

    should be appointed in Philadelphia, and the directors of

    the East India Company should _immediately_ advise them of

    their intended consignation, and direct them to engage

    _proper_ warehouses for the reception thereof.

    That the factors should be authorized to sell the teas at

    public auction, (giving notice of the times of the sale in

    all the North American newspapers, at least one month before

    hand,) and in such small lots as will be convenient for the

    country storekeepers to supply themselves with such sales.

    That the factors should grant the purchasers the same

    allowance of tare, tret, discount, &c., as are customary at

    the company's sales in this city.

    That in case the factor should be of opinion, the sales of

    the tea would be encreased both in quantity and price, by

    having occasional auctions in Boston and New York, in the

    manner proposed at Philadelphia; that they should be at

    liberty to send from time to time to Boston & New York as

    many chests as they may think necessary for the consumption

    & _commerce_ of those places, but that the factors, or one

    of them, should always attend the sales in Boston and New


    That the East India Company should be at the charge &

    expence of the warehouse rent in America, the cartage, and

    the freight of the teas from Philadelphia to Boston & New

    York, and that the factors should be allowed for receiving

    and selling the teas, collecting the payment thereof and

    remitting the same, a commission of 2-1/2 pr cent. on the

    amount of the sales.

    N.B.--It is submitted whether it would not be proper for the

    directors of the East India Company to send two persons to

    Philadelphia, who have been accustomed to pack and repack

    teas at the India House, to the end that they may be

    employed for that purpose, and in dividing whole chests of

    black teas into half chests, for the greater accommodation

    of the country shopkeepers.



No. 5.








    Admitting that an exportation of tea to America by licence

    takes place immediately, in order to prevent the colonists

    from becoming purchasers at the sales of foreign companies,

    usually made from September to November, and consequently at

    least discourage those companies from encreasing their China

    trade, and also to obtain some information, though

    imperfect, before the investments for the China ships of the

    ensuing season are ordered. It is proposed that chests of

    Bohea tea, chests of each specie of Singlo tea, together

    with a smaller assortment of Hyson, Souchong, & Congou tea

    be consigned to such a number of merchants conjointly as may

    be thought sufficient, (for whom their correspondents in

    England shall give satisfactory security,) together with

    such persons as shall be thought proper for that purpose to

    be sent from thence. That upon the arrival of such tea in

    Boston public notice shall be given thereof through the

    Continent, and also that it is the intention of the East

    India Company, if the sales of this cargo should be found to

    answer, to repeat such consignments, in order to supply that

    Continent with teas at least equal in price to what they

    must pay for the same if obtained in a way of illicit trade.

    That in order to conduct these sales in the most

    advantageous manner, the parties to whom the cargoes shall

    be entrusted shall act as one body; that the concurrence of

    the majority shall be necessary for any act therein; that

    each party shall be answerable for himself only, but that no

    credit shall be given to bills received for paying without

    the assent of at least three of the persons so appointed;

    that it shall be the object of the person who may be

    appointed to go with the cargo to obtain all possible

    information respecting the actual consumption, mode of sale,

    species of tea that may be introduced, & opportunity of

    remittances at Boston, where it is proposed the first

    consignment shall be made, as it is the only considerable

    mart, where tea from England is at present received without

    opposition, and having so done he shall visit such other

    places on the Continent as may be thought proper, but

    particularly New York and Philadelphia, in order to obtain

    the same information at those several places, and learn,

    from being on the spot, how far the New Yorkers, &c., will

    hold their solemn engagements, when they find the advantages

    they will probably reap by receiving tea from England. They

    having obtained all such necessary information, he shall

    return to England & report the same, from which time it is

    presumed there will be full employ for such agent without

    any additional expence to the Company in preparing such

    assortments of tea as may from time to time be required for

    this market, and can be best spared from the necessary

    demand of Great Britain & Ireland, and also in negotiating

    the remittances that may from time to time be received on

    account of this concern.

    That such an appointment is absolutely necessary must appear

    to every one at all acquainted with the nature of the tea

    trade, not only properly to regulate these investments, but

    also from time to time to preserve proper assortments of tea

    for the consumption of Great Britain & Ireland, and indeed

    in this particular alone could the directors for some years

    past have had such information, from any person in whose

    abilities & integrity they could have placed a proper

    confidence, and who, from the nature of such trusts, must be

    placed above the temptation to any sinister practices the

    Company, from the resources of the tea trade alone, would

    probably never have been involved in their present





    We are informed that you have come to a resolution to ship

    tea to America, we therefore beg leave to recommend our

    friends, Mr. Andrew Lord, and Messrs. Willm. & George

    Ancrum,[28] of Charles Town, in South Carolina, merchants,

    for the consignments of such part as you may ship to that

    place. Both houses are of the first repute, and have been

    long established there, and also to tender to you our ship

    the London, Alexander Curling, Master, to carry the same

    out, who shall be ready to sail whenever you please to


                  We are, your most humble servants,

                                         GREENWOOD & HIGGINSON.

    London, 4 May, 1773.

  To the Hon'ble the Court of Directors

    of the United Company of Merchants

    of England, trading to the East Indies.




    Being informed you intend to export teas to several

    different settlements in America, to be sold there under

    the direction of agents to be appointed. I beg leave to

    acquaint the Court that I have a house established in New

    York, under the firm of Pigou & Booth, and I humbly solicit

    the favor of that house having a share of the consignments.

    Philadelphia being also a port to which the Company will

    most likely send teas, I beg leave to recommend Messrs.

    James & Drinker, of that city, to be one of your agents


    Should I be so happy to succeed in my request, I am certain

    the greatest attention will be paid by those gentlemen to

    the Company's orders, and that the Company's interest will

    be made their study in the sales and remittances. I also beg

    leave to observe that if ships should be wanted for this

    service, I have vessels now ready for the ports of

    Philadelphia and New York.

          I am, gentlemen,

                 Your most obed't & very humble serv't,

                                           FRED'K PIGOU, Jun^r.

    Mark Lane, 1st June, 1773.

    To the Hon'ble the Court of Directors

      of the United East India Company.



                                         London, 1st July, 1773.


    I intended to have made a purchase of teas at your present

    sale to have exported to America, but the candid intimation

    given by you of an intention to export them to the Colonies

    on account of the Company, renders it disadvantageous for a

    single house to engage in that article.

    I now beg leave, gentlemen, to make a tender to you of the

    services of a house in which I am a partner, Richard Clarke

    and Sons,[29] of Boston, New England, to conduct the sale of

    such teas as you may send to that part of America, in

    conjunction with any other houses you may think proper to

    entrust with this concern; altho' I have not the honor of

    being personally known to many of you, I flatter myself our

    house is known to the principal merchants who deal to our

    Province, and are known to have always fulfilled our

    engagements with punctuality & honor, and trust I shall

    procure you ample security for our conducting this business,

    agreeable to the direction, we may from time to time receive

    from you.

    In soliciting this favor, I beg leave to avail myself

    further of the circumstance of our having for a long time

    been concerned in the tea trade, and to greater extent than

    any house in our Province, with one exception. Of the

    disappointment I have met with in my intended adventure, by

    which we are deprived of a very valuable branch of our

    business, and on my being on the spot to take such

    instructions from you as may be requisite in disposing of

    what you may send. And give me leave to add my assurances

    that the interest of the East India Company will always be

    attended to by the house of Richard Clarke & Sons, if you

    think fit to repose this confidence in them.

                 I am, very respectfully, gentlemen,

                        Your most obed't & humble servant,

                                               JONATHAN CLARKE.

    To the Hon'ble Directors of the

      East India Company.

Mr. Clarke also enclosed two letters in his favor; one from Messrs.

Henry & Thos. Bromfield, the other from Mr. Peter Contencin, merchants.

                                               June 5th, 1773.


    The bearer, Mr. Barkly, is the person whom I took the

    liberty of recommending to you as a person able and

    qualified to give you information touching the quantity of

    tea that is now consumed in America, and to serve the

    Company in that part of the World in case the Directors

    shall judge it proper to make any establishment there for

    selling tea on the Company's account, & I am, sir,

            Your most obedient and most humble servant,

                                              GREY COOPER.[30]

    Received from Henry Crabb Boulton, Esq.


    Hon'ble Sirs:

    Being informed of your resolution to export a quantity of

    tea to different parts of America, we take the liberty of

    recommending our friends, Messrs. Willing, Morris & Co., to

    be your agents at Philadelphia, for whom we are ready to be


                   We are, very respectfully,

           Your honors most obedient, humble servants,

                                     ROBERTS, BAYNES & ROBERTS.

    8 June, 1773.

    To the Hon'ble the Committee of Warehouses.


                                        London, 9th June, 1773.


    I have understood that you propose fixing agents in the

    different colonies in America, to dispose of certain

    quantities of tea; if so, I am a native and merchant of

    Virginia, and think it will be in my power to execute your

    commands in that quarter, on terms equal, if not superior,

    to any one in it.

    There are some things respecting this business that come

    within my knowledge; which are too prolix for a letter, but

    if the Court chuses to notice my petition, I shall be happy

    and ready to give any intelligence in my power.

          I am, gentlemen,

                  Your very obed't & hum'ble serv't,

                                        BENJ. HARRISON, Jun^r.

                             At Webbs, Arundel Street, Strand.

    To the Hon'ble Court, &c.



    Being informed that you have it in contemplation to export

    tea to the different Provinces in North America, for sale on

    the Company's account, I beg leave to recommend my brother,

    Mr. Jonathan Browne, merchant, in Philadelphia, as an agent

    for any business you may have to transact at that place, and

    I flatter myself his activity & knowledge of the trade of

    that country, acquired by a residence of upwards of fifteen

    years, will render him deserving of your notice.

    Any security for his conduct I am ready to give, and to any

    amount you shall think necessary for the discharge of the

    trust you may be pleased to repose in him.

            I am, very respectfully, gent.,

                       Your most obed't & humble serv't,

                                                GEORGE BROWNE.

    London, Tower Hill, 11th June, 1773.

    To the Committee of Warehouses.



    As many difficulties seem at present to attend the

    exportation of tea to America in large quantities, on

    account of the Company, if the expedient is approved by this

    Court, of sending about 200 chests of Bohea tea, and a small

    assortment of other species to Boston, by way of experiment,

    and you should think proper to entrust such cargo to the

    care of Messrs. Hutchinson, merchants, there, I am ready, as

    a security, to advance upon the same the sum such tea shall

    amount to, at the prime cost in China & freight from hence,

    before the shipping thereof, provided I am permitted to

    charge interest upon such advance, until remittances for the

    same are received from America.

                         I am, gent.,

                                   Your humble serv't,

                                                    WM. PALMER.

    Devonshire Square, 24th June, 1773.

    To the Hon'ble Court of Directors, &c., &c.



    The Committee of Warehouses of the East India Company desire

    you will meet them at this house, on Thursday next, at

    twelve o'clock at noon, relative to the exportation of tea

    to America.

                             I am, sir,

                                    Your most humble serv't,

                                                   WM. SETTLE.

    East India House, 25th June, 1773.













    The enclosed newspapers contain the sentiments of the

    Americans with regard to the quantity of teas consumed in

    that country, and the fatal consequences attending buying it

    from foreigners, by leading them to purchase other articles

    of East India goods at the same markets which otherwise

    would not be an object, and which, of course, would be

    commissioned from the mother-country.

    The memorial, which I had the honor to deliver, lately

    points out an undoubted method for gaining this trade.

    The Company being the exporters, pays the American duty of

    3d. pr lb., of which they will be amply repaid by the

    advance on their sales, and as mankind in general are bound

    by interest, and as the duty of about a shill'g pr lb. is

    now taken off tea when exported, the Company can afford

    their teas cheaper than the Americans can smuggle them from

    foreigners, which puts the success of the design beyond a


    It may be suggested that the Americans have not money to pay

    for those goods. The Province of Pennsylvania alone ships

    yearly to the West Indies, Spain, Portugal & France, &c.,

    above 300,000 barrels of flour, large quantities of wheat,

    Indian corn, iron, pork, beef, lumber, and above 15,000

    hhds. of flax seed to Ireland, and the other Provinces are

    equally industrious. The principal returns are in silver and

    gold, with bills of exchange, an incredible part of which

    will center with the Company should the same be executed

    agreeable to the plan proposed, and smuggling will be

    effectually abolished without any additional number of

    officers and cruizers.

    Warehouse rent, &c., in America, will come as cheap as it is

    in England; and by the mode proposed for disposing of the

    teas, the grocers and merchants will be quickly served

    without any risk of loss by bad debts. I beg your

    forgiveness for the freedom I have taken. I have the honor

    to be, with due respect, gentlemen,

                        Your most obed't & humble servant,

                                               GILBERT BARKLY.

    Lombard Street, 29 June, 1773.

    To the chairman & deputy chairman of

      the East India Comp'y.

    (_See Mr. Barkly's letter in the miscellany bundle for the

    Pennsylvania packet of 17th May, 1773._)



    Upon my coming to town, I found a letter from the clerk of

    the Committee of Warehouses, desiring my attendance at the

    East India House, relative to the exportation of teas to


    I should have waited on the Committee of Warehouses at the

    time desired, if I had been in town, and I will attend them

    if they wish to see me any day next week, which may be

    convenient to them. I am, sir,

                     Your most obedi^t. humb. serv't,

                                                SAMUEL WHARTON.

    Argyle Street, June 30th, 1773

    Crabb Boulton, Esqr.




_Submitted to the consideration of Henry Crabb Boulton, Esq., Chairman

of the East India Company._


The usual exports to America, consisting of callicoes, muslins, and

other produce of India, (tea excepted,) have been seldom less than

£600,000 pr an., as such the consequence of that trade, and the interest

of the merchants concerned therein, ought to be well considered before

this measure of sending out teas to America should be adopted, lest it

might defeat the one and prejudice the other.

The merchants are much alarmed at this step of the Company, fearing it

will prevent, in a great degree, the remittances from their

correspondents by so much or near it as the sales of the teas amount to;

for it is beyond a doubt, that the people in America, if they admit the

teas, (which I much doubt,) will be tempted to purchase them with the

very money arising from the sales of muslins, callicoes, Persians, &c.,

bought of the Company instead of sending it to the merchants in England,

and thereby tend to encrease the distress which is already too severely

felt, for want of remittances. And I should not be surprized at the

merchants forming a resolution similar to that of the dealers, viz., not

to purchase anything from a Company who are interfering so essentially

with their trade, and striking at the root of their interests. I am of

opinion, if a proper application was made to the ministry, aided by a

petition from the American merchants, it might produce a relaxation of

that disagreeable and fatal duty of 3d. pr lb., and in case of success

I could almost promise that in the course of six months there would be

exported not less than one million of pounds of tea, and further, that

the usual annual export would be upon an average four millions of pounds

of teas. This mode would relieve the Company from its present load, and

place the correspondence and connection in its usual and natural

channel. But admitting that the ministry would not comply with such a

request, is it not too hasty a resolution before answers are come from

America if they will receive the teas through the channel of the

merchants, and particularly when they see the drawback is encreased from

14 to 24 pr cent. ad valorem, and thereby they are enabled to introduce

that article cheaper from hence than from Holland.

It is well known to every gentleman conversant in trade, that on account

of some disagreeable Acts of Parliament passed here, the people of

America formed a resolution, which was too generally adhered to, not to

import any goods from hence. This resolution continued for two years.

However, the merchants of New York, (who are men of understanding and

liberal principles,) foreseeing the fatal consequences that attend

England & the Provinces by a continuance of dis-union with the

mother-country, summoned a meeting of the principal inhabitants of the

town, and then came to a compromise with the people, that in case they

would agree to admit all other goods, they promised not to import any

teas from England, under very severe penalties, until the Act imposing a

duty of 3d. pr lb. was repealed, and the several captains of ships in

the trade were enjoined upon pain of forfeiting the good esteem of the

inhabitants to comply therewith. The like resolutions were agreed to in

Philadelphia & South Carolina.

There is another difficulty which occurs to me in this business, and

that is, there is not so much specie in the country as would pay for the

quantity said is intended to be exported. The Company should be very

cautious who they appointed to receive the produce of the sales, for

should the contractor for money have that power, who are the general

drawers of bills, it would enable them to make a monopoly of the ready

specie, and to make exchange advance 25 pr ct., to the loss of the


Thus have I stated the principal objections to the measure, and in

compliance with my promise, I shall give you my opinion relative to its

introduction, & the proper modes of sale, admitting the Company

persevere in their resolutions of exporting the teas on their own


A ship should be hired by the Company, capable of carrying the quantity

they intend to export, and at so much pr month. She should call in the

first place at Boston, and there land 300 chests, under the care of one

of the Company's own clerks; from thence to New York, and there land 300

chests, in the like manner as at Boston; from thence to Philadelphia,

and there land 300 chests, as before, and from thence to Carolina, and

there land 100 chests, under the care of the clerk of the Company, all

of which may be performed in the course of three months from her sailing

from hence, until her arrival at her last destined port, provided the

people in the different Provinces don't disturb the voyage upon the

arrival of the teas. Public notice should be given in the papers of each

Province at least one month preceding the sale, and the following

valuation prices affixed for the buyers to bid upon, subject to the

allowances, as limited in your own sales: Boston, @ 2s., lawful money,

pr lb.; New York, 2s. 9d., currency; Philadelphia, 2s. 3d., currency;

Charles Town, South Carolina, 10s. pr lb., currency. These prices are

for Boheas. The several clerks of the Company can with ease correspond

with each other, as there is a constant and regular communication by

post, so that if there should be an over quantity at one place, and a

deficiency at another, it may be supplied. The clerks should have

directions to pay the proceeds of the sales to some eminent merchant at

each Province, who should be a person well acquainted with the article,

and one who has great weight with the other merchants and people, both

as to esteem, rank and property; this merchant to remit the money by

good bills of exchange, which he must guarantee, and a security given

here for such a trust.

Great care should be had to regulate the sale by the consumption of each

Province, and not to be held at the same time, but to follow each other

by the distance of a fortnight, so that in case there should be more

buyers at one Province than the quantity will furnish, they may have an

opportunity of writing or going to the next sale at another Province.

I fear there may be an opposition made by some of the Provinces upon a

surmise that Government is aiding in this plan, and mean to establish

principle and right of taxation, for the purpose of a revenue, which at

present is very obnoxious, as such great care should be had not to

employ either paymaster, collector, or any other gentleman under the

immediate service of the Crown, to receive the money.


                                          Garlick Hill, 1st July, 1773.


In compliance with your desire, we have reflected on the business &

expence which will attend the sale of and remitting for such teas as the

East India Company may ship to North America, and considering that none

but gentlemen of known property, integrity and of experience in trade

can, with propriety and safety to the Company, be employed therein, we

humbly conceive that five pr cent. commission, and one pr cent. for

truckage, warehouse rent, brokerage, and other incidental charges,

making in the whole six pr cent. on the gross sales, is as little as the

business can be transacted for. And we further beg leave to suggest that

no person ought to be employed who will not give security to the

Company, in London, for faithfully following such instructions, as they

may from time to time receive from them, for remitting to the Company

all monies which they may receive on account of teas sold, first

deducting the above six pr cent., together with such freight and duties

as they may have paid on account thereof, and interest thereon, till

reimbursed, such remittances to be made in bills of exchange, within two

months after receiving the money, which bills, to be drawn upon their

security in London, payable sixty days after sight, or in specie, at the

Company's risk and expence; if in bills of exchange, the security to be

obliged to accept and pay them. Should the Company determine to ship

teas on their own account and risk to North America, we presume to

recommend to their service, Benjamin Faneuil, Junr., Esqr., & Joshua

Winslow, Esqr.,[31] of Boston, _jointly_, to transact their business,

for whom we are ready to give security to the amount of ten thousand

pounds for their performance of the before mentioned conditions, and in

like manner a security of two thousand pounds for John Butler, Esqr., of

Halifax, in Nova Scotia, who we also beg leave to recommend to the

Company's service. We are, with great respect, gentlemen,

                    Your obe't, hum^e serv'ts,

                                                    WATSON & RASHLEIGH.

  To the Hon'ble the Committee

  of Warehouse, &c., &c., &c.

[Illustration: Signature, J. Winslow]


                                                  London, July 2, 1773.


If it should be agreeable to you to consign to the house of Richard

Clarke & Sons, of Boston, New England, this summer or fall, I would beg

leave to propose to you, that I will find security to the amount of two

or three hundred chests, that in eight months after the sale of them in

America, the accounts shall be forwarded you, and the money for the net

proceedings paid to your order within that time, you allowing our house

five pr cent. commission on the sales, and one pr cent. for storage &

other charges, the freight and American duty to be chargeable on the

teas besides, & we to be free from the risk of fire or any other

accident that may occur before the delivery of the tea.

  I am, with the greatest respect, gentlemen,

                               Your most obed't, hum. ser't,

                                                       JONATHAN CLARKE.


To the Hon'ble Directors, &c., &c.

                                                 London, July 5, 1773.


The terms which I had the honor to converse with you upon, relative to

the sale of teas in America, I take leave to recapitulate as necessary,

to understand each other, viz.: You expect that the houses here who

recommend their friends abroad, and are in consequence appointed as

your factors to dispose of that article, should stipulate that it be

sold agreeable to such orders as you may think proper to give for that

purpose, and that the factors pay the cartage, warehouse rent,

brokerage, and other charges incidental to the sale, and remit the net

proceeds in two months from the last, prompt, in good bills of exchange

or bullion, for the whole of which service they are to retain a

commission of 6 pr cent. on the gross sales, the Company to be at the

risk and expence of shipping the tea out, to pay duty and entry abroad,

and to be also at the risk and expence of sending bullion home, which

terms I do agree to in behalf of those which I shall recommend, whose

names are at the foot. And as it seems prudent to guard against accident

by death, as well as that the Company be secured against the neglect &

misconduct of its servants in this business, I do hereby, for myself and

my house, here guarantee the safety of the houses named as above, for

the execution of this business, and also that such bills of exchange, as

they shall remit on the above account, shall be good.

The agents in this business hope to be indulged with giving their ships

in the trade the freight of the tea out, in preference to others.

  I am, with the highest respect, sirs,

                   Your most obed't & most hum. serv't,

                                                         WILLIAM KELLY.

To the Hon'ble the Com^tee of Warehouses, &c., &c., &c.

                      _For New York:_

                 Messrs. Abraham Lott & Co.[32]

                 Messrs. Hugh & Alex^r Wallace.

Mr. Lott has been a merchant of reputation there about 18 years, and

Public Treasurer of the Province about 7 years. The latter is a house of

long standing and of great credit, and is well known to many gentlemen

here, particularly Messrs. Bourdieu & Chollet.

                      _For Boston:_

                  John Erving, Jun^r.[33]

                  Henry Lloyd.[34]

Both men of fortune and established characters as merchants.

                      _For Philadelphia:_

                 Messrs. Francis Tilghman.

                 Messrs. Reese Meredith & Son.

Both houses of great credit & established reputation.

P.S.--Mr. Kelly, on consideration, thinks that one month from the last

prompt, will be too short a time for limiting the remittances to be

made, and therefore has taken the liberty to put down two.

                                                 London, 6 July, 1773.


Mr. Kelly will give the Committee my proposals for doing the Company's

business in Virginia, and if they require further knowledge of me,

Messrs. Harris & Co., and Mr. John Blackburn, will give them it. I am,


                                   Your hum. serv't,

                                                  Benj. Harrison.


  Mr. Wm. Settle, Clerk,

    to the Committee of Warehouses.


Hon'ble Gentlemen:

Pursuant to your request, I beg leave to lay before you the proposal of

my friend, Henry White, Esqr., of New York, for the sale of what teas

you may think proper to commit to his charge, and in justice to my

friend, I think it my duty to declare that there is no gentleman more

capable of transacting this business, seeing from his long experience in

that branch, that his consequence as a merchant of fortune he will be

capable of advancing the interest of the Company in the sale thereof, as

well as silencing any prejudices that may arise from the mode of its

introduction, viz.:

That the money arising from the sale of such teas shall be paid into the

hands of your treasurer in three months immediately following the receit

thereof, first deducting 6 pr cent. in lieu of all charges consequent to

their landing, save the duty of 3d. pr lb. and freight, and I hereby

engage to join myself with one or two more gentlemen of fortune in a

bond for the faithful performance of the above covenant.

    I am, with all due respect, hon'ble gentlemen,

                   Your most obedient, &c., &c., &c., &c.,

                                                        JOHN BLACKBURN.

  Scots Yard,

    Tuesday, 6 July, 1773.

N.B.--The firm of Mr. White's house is the Hon'ble Henry White, Esqr.,

at New York.


To the Hon'ble Directors, &c., &c., &c.



Your letter of the 30th ultimo, addressed to the chairman of the East

India Comp^y, having been read in a Committee of Warehouses, they

desire you will please to meet them at this house tomorrow, at twelve of

the clock at noon, relative to the exportation of tea to America.

                                I am, sir,

                                          Your most ob. serv't,

                                                            WM. SETTLE.

  East India House,

    7th July, 1773.

Samuel Wharton, Esqr.




_The Petition of Walter Mansell,[35] of the City of London, Merchant,

respectfully sheweth:_

That your petitioner, having received certain information of the Hon'ble

East India Company's intention to export large quantities of teas to His

Majesty's American Colonies, your petitioner therefore humbly begs leave

to acquaint this Committee, that he and his partner, Thos. Corbett, now

resident there have long carried on considerable business as merchants,

in Charles Town, South Carolina, where your petitioner has been resident

himself for near 20 y^rs and flatters himself that he is well acquainted

with the trade of that and the neighbouring Provinces. That your

petitioner has at a very considerable expence erected and built large

and commodious brick warehouses, for the reception of all kind of

merchandize, in Charles Town, and has a ship of his own, of the burthen

of two hundred tons, constantly employed in the Carolina trade only;

that your petitioner humbly hopes and doubts not, but that this Hon'ble

Com^tee will upon the strictest enquiry into his character and

circumstances, being possessed of houses and lands, in Charles Town, of

upwards of £500 sterling pr an., and from his American connections find

him not unworthy of their countenance and favor.

Your petitioner therefore humbly presumes to offer his services to this

Hon'ble Comm^tee to transact as their agent any business relative to the

exportation to and sale of their teas in South Carolina, or elsewhere in

the Colonies of America, as they shall think fitting to commit to his

care and management.

                                                         WALTER MANSELL.

       *       *       *       *       *

Hon'ble Sirs:

We take the liberty of recommending Messrs. Willing, Morris & Co.,[36]

of Philadelphia, to be your agents there for any quantity of tea you

may please to consign them for sale, and which they will dispose of in

the best manner they can for the benefit of the Com^y on the following


The tea to be sold at two months prompt, to be paid for on delivery, and

the money to be paid at the exchange, which shall be current at that

time, into the Company's treasury within three months after it is

received from Philadelphia. Willing, Morris & Co. to be allowed 5 pr

cent. for commission, and 1 pr cent. for warehouse room and all other

charges, except freight & duty.

Messrs. Peter & John Berthon are ready to become joint securities with

us for Messrs. Willing, Morris & Co.

              We are, very respectfully,

                   Your honors most obed^t humble servants,

                                             ROBERTS, BAYNES & ROBERTS.

  King's Arms Yard, July 8th, 1773.

    To the Hon'ble the Com^tee &c., &c.

       *       *       *       *       *

                                                  London, 8 July, 1773.

To the Hon'ble Committee of Warehouses.


We beg leave to recommend Messrs. James & Drinker, of Philadelphia, to

be one of your agents at the disposal of teas, which you may think

proper to send to Philadelphia, undertaking that they shall dispose of

such teas in no other manner than as you direct, on condition of your

allowing them 5 pr cent. for commission, for selling and making

remittance, and 1 pr cent. for truckage, warehouse rent or any charge

whatever; should any teas get damaged on board of ships, any expence

arising on them to be allowed by the Company. We do also engage, that in

two months after the prompt day, remittance in bills or specie, shall be

made to the Company, provided the teas are cleared, the specie to be at

the risk of the Company, they paying the charges attending it. We

further agree, that in case any bills are protested, we will pay the

Company the amount of them in two months after they become due. And we

are willing to enter into bond for the performance of the agreements,

provided the Directors think proper to allow the teas to be sent to any

other port, if the Pensilvanians refuse to admit the duty to be paid, or

to consume them in that country, in the latter case, our bond to be


                           We are, &c., &c.,

                                                          PIGOU & BOOTH.


  We beg leave to solicit the }

  freight to Pensilvania.     }

       *       *       *       *       *


Having been informed that the Directors of the East India Company

propose shipping teas to some of the American Colonies, to be there sold

by agents on the Company's account, and as I apprehend South Carolina

may be fixed upon as one of them, I beg leave to propose Mr. Roger

Smith, of South Carolina, for whose solidity I am willing to become


If the intended plan takes effect, and you do _give_ me the honor to

admit of my application, I shall be ready to attend you on the business

whenever you may be pleased to give me notice thereof. I have the honor

to be, gentlemen,

                                Your most obd^t h'ble serv^t

                                                          JOHN NUTT.

  New Broad Street Buildings,

  14^th July, 1773.

  To the chairman and deputy chairman

  of the Hon'ble East India Company.

       *       *       *       *       *


We beg leave to tender you the services of Mr. Samuel Chollet, merchant,

in Charlestown, South Carolina, and Messrs. Hugh and Alexander

Wallace,[37] merchants, in New York, for the sale of such teas as you

may think proper to send there, being persons in every respect well

qualified to dispose of them to the best advantage.

We are willing to enter into such covenants as may be required for the

security of the consignments & the remittances of the sales, on the same

terms as are to be granted to other houses on the Continent of America,

provided we are allowed a proper consideration for such guarantee.

  We have the honor to be, sirs,

                      Your most obed^t hble. serv^ts.

                                                    BOURDIEU & CHOLLET.

Lime Street, July 15, 1773.

       *       *       *       *       *

                                                London, 15th July, 1773.


Hearing that you are going to appoint agents in America for the sale of

your teas, permit us to propose our partner, Mr. Daniel Stephenson, of

Blandensburgh, Maryland, as one (should you adopt this measure,) and we

flatter ourselves, that from his long residence & connexions in Virginia

& Maryland, in business, that he will be thought an eligible person, &

for his responsibility, we are ready to give the security of our house,

should he be appointed on the same terms as the other gentlemen. We

apprehend his present situation is well calculated for this measure,

being at a proper distance between New York & James River, & near the

centre of the Maryland business.

  We are, respectfully, gentm^n your most odb^t servants,

                                                    GALE, FEARON & CO.


To the Committee of Warehouses.

       *       *       *       *       *


Upon considering the exportation of teas by the Company, having no

direction or power from our correspondents at Boston or New York, to

make terms, we decline offering any recommendation in the present state

of the affair, at the same time think our thanks are due to you, for

your readiness in attending to any propositions we might make. We are,


                                 Your most ob^t serv^ts

                                                   DAVISON & NEWMAN.

  Fenchurch Street, July 15, 1773.

  Edw^d Wheeler, Esq^r deputy chairman.

       *       *       *       *       *


The Committee of Warehouses of the East India Company desire you will

meet them at this house, on Thursday next, at twelve o'clock at noon,

relative to the exportation of tea to America. I am, sir,

                                     Your most obd^t serv^t

                                                            WM. SETTLE.

East India House, 17th July, 1773.




     FREDE'K PIGOU, Junr.,

















In consequence of my conversation this day, with the gentlemen of the

Committee of Warehouses, relative to the rate of exchange from Boston, I

beg leave to confirm the offer I made, of abiding by the standard

exchange of £133 6s. 8d. currency for £100 sterling, upon an allowance

of 2-1/2 pr cent., with the proviso of the intended exportation being

made by way of experiment, that is not exceeding 500 chests to Boston,

before the success thereof is known.

                              I am, gentlemen,

                                        Your h'ble serv't,

                                                           WM. PALMER.

Devonshire Square, 22 July, 1773.

To the Hon'ble the Court of Directors, &c.

       *       *       *       *       *


It is so perfectly contrary to all mercantile usage, to fix a certain

rate of exchange for commission business, that we must beg leave to

decline making any further proposals for your intended consignments to

New York and Carolina, because the revolutions in all exchanges cannot

be foreseen. We have known the New York exchange at 168 & 190, at

present it is 177-1/2, the par between Philadelphia and New York is, as

160 at the former, to 170-2/3 at the latter.

If you should hereafter adopt the regular and usual mercantile form--of

receiving your remittances at the current exchange of the place at the

time of remitting, we shall be obliged to you for your consignments to

Messrs. Hugh and Alexander Wallace, of New York, and Samuel Chollett, of

Charlestown, South Carolina, for whom we will become security for the

usual commission of guarantee of 2-1/2 pr cent.

                    We are, sirs,

                           Your most obd^t h'ble serv^ts

                                                  BOURDIEU & CHOLLET.

Lime Street, July 23^rd 1773.

       *       *       *       *       *


The Committee of Warehouses of the East India Company desire you will

meet them at this house tomorrow morning, at eleven o'clock, relative to

the exportation of tea to America.

                           I am, sir,

                                   Your most obd^t servant,

                                                            WM. SETTLE.

East India House, 29^th July, 1773.











       *       *       *       *       *


I am directed by the Comm^tee to acquaint you that the Court of

Directors of the E.I.C. have agreed to ship for _Boston_ three hundred

chests of tea, and consign to your correspondents an equal proportion

thereof, of which please to inform them.

Shall be obliged to you to acquaint me the firm of your correspondents

at _Boston_. I am, sir,

                                 Your most hum. serv^t

                                                    WM. SETTLE.

East India House, 4^th Aug^t 1773.


     WM. PALMER,      } Esq^rs. Boston.


     JOHN BLACKBURN,      }

     WM. KELLY,           } Esq^rs. New York.

     FRED'K PIGOU, Jun^r. }

     GEO. BROWNE,    }


     FRED'K PIGOU,   } Esq^rs. Philadelphia.

     SAM'L WHARTON,  }

       *       *       *       *       *


At foot you have the firm of our correspondents at Boston, which we gave

into the Com^tee of Warehouses for partaking of the India Com^y's Tea

consignments, and for whom we are ready to give security.

  Benj^m Faneuil, Jun^r,               }  Esq^rs of Boston,

  Joshua Winslow, late of Nova Scotia, }               jointly.

  Security--Brook Watson, Rob^t Rashleigh,

  Watson & Rashleigh.

  London, 4^th Aug^t 1773.

  Mr. Wm. Settle.

Security offered for Mr. Gilbert Barkly,--Wm. Ross, Esq^r.--No. 24

Austin Fryars.

       *       *       *       *       *

Securities offered for Walter Mansell,--Henry Laurens, Fludyer Street,

Carolina Merchants; William Barrett, Old Palace Yard.

       *       *       *       *       *


The firm of the house I have recommended to the Court of Directors for

New York, is Pigou & Booth, and at Philadelphia, Messrs. James &

Drinker, as agents for the disposal of teas. I am, sir,

                                    Your most hum. ser^t

                                                   FRED'K PIGOU, Jun^r

  Mark Lane, 4 Aug^t

  Mr. Wm. Settle.

       *       *       *       *       *


I was favored with your letter of yesterday, _last_ night _after_ ten

o'clock, acquainting me that the Court of Directors of the E.I.C. had

agreed to ship for Philadelphia six hundred chests of tea, and consign

to my correspondents an equal proportion thereof, you will be pleased to

inform the Directors that I gave notice to my brothers, Thomas & Isaac

Wharton, (the persons whom I recommended,) by the last night's New York

mail, of the resolution of the Court of Directors to ship the above

quantity of teas to Philadelphia. I am, sir,

                            Your most hum. serv't,

                                                  SAM'L WHARTON.

Argyle Street, Aug^t 5, 1773.

Mr. Wm. Settle.

       *       *       *       *       *

Mr. Browne's compliments to Mr. Settle, and begs leave to inform him

that the address of the house at Philadelphia, whom he recommends for an

agent for the sale of tea, is Jonathan Browne, merchant, at


Aug^st 5, 1773.

       *       *       *       *       *


Last evening I had the pleasure to receive yours of yesterday,

mentioning the resolution of the Court of Directors of the Hon'ble East

India Company relative to the exportation of tea to New York, and

desiring me to acquaint you with the firm of my correspondent there,

which is Abraham Lott & Co. I am, sir,

                                              Yours, &c.,

                                                        WILLIAM KELLY.

Crescent, 5^th Aug^t 1773.

Mr. Wm. Settle.



The Bohea tea to be taken out of what was refused by the buyers last

sale; but particular care to be taken that none under the degree of

middling, or good middling, nor any damaged chests are sent, to be

marked & invoiced, not according to the King's numbers, but the

Company's, to be reweighed, by thus marking them, each bed will be kept

separate, and there will not only be no pretence abroad for finding

fault, as from No. to No., will be exactly of the same quantity, having

been packed from the said heap or pile at Canton, and since examined in

England. But the taste of the Americans will also be better known, that

is, whether they prefer a fresh middling tea, provided it is not

absolutely faint, or a strong, rough tea. A certain quantity of each of

these kinds to be sent to each place, that either may not have the

advantage over the other, by having teas of a superior quality, their

respective qualities to be remarked in the invoices. A small assortment

of about a dozen or twenty small chests of Hyson, Souchong, Congou, and

each specie of Singlo tea, viz.: Twankey, Skin and First Sort, to be

sent to each place, with proper remarks thereon in the respective

invoices, each of these species to be taken out of some bed or break of

teas now laid down, or intended so to be, for next September sale,

regard being had to their respective qualities, and to be taken out of

such beds or breaks, which shall be sufficiently large, not only to

supply each Colony with its quantity, but also to leave a considerable

part thereof to be sold at the ensuing sale, by which means the Company

may hereafter compare the prices to the same parcel of tea sells for,

not only at each Colony, but also at their own sales, which can no

otherwise be done, as each of these species, going under the same

general denomination of Hyson, Souchong, Congo and Singlo, vary almost

100 pr cent. in the price they sell for, according to quality, & not 10

pr cent. in the purchase.

As it would be a great object with the Company to introduce, if

possible, the consumption of Singlo tea into America, that being a kind

of tea which spoils by age, much more than Bohea, and also that of which

they are much more considerably overloaded with, and further, such an

introduction would have this advantage also, that the foreign countries

could not soon rival us, not being themselves importers of any

considerable quantity of this specie of tea. It should be recommended to

the agents, to endeavour all they can, at such introduction, which it is

conceived may be brought about, at least in some degree, from the

experience of the consumption here in England, which will appear to have

constantly gained ground proportionally, as its price at the Company's

sales has approached nearer to Bohea tea, and in the present situation

of this branch of the Company's trade, it might easily be made appear,

it would be for their advantage, even to sell it in America, at the

quoted price of Bohea, by which means they might be relieved from the

disagreeable alternative of selling it here under prime cost, or keeping

a greater quantity unsold in their warehouses, until it is spoiled by



                                       London, Aug^t 5^th 1773.

                                   St. Paul's Churchyard, N^o. 55.


I am favored with yours of yesterday's date, and agreeable to your

request, I shall immediately communicate the information therein

contained, to Richard Clarke, Esqr., & Sons, Merchants, in Boston, New

England, which is the house with which I am connected, and who I flatter

myself will acquit themselves of the trust the Hon'ble the Court of

Directors have been pleased to repose in them.

I would also beg leave to solicit part of the freight of the tea for a

vessel which I shall possibly have ready in ten days, provided it will

agree with the time you propose to ship them.

                         I am, sir,

                                   Your most hum. serv^t

                                                      JONATHAN CLARKE.

Mr. Wm. Settle, 17^th Aug^t

  Wm., Cap^t Joseph Royal

  Loring, will be ready in 5 days.

       *       *       *       *       *


The Committee of Warehouses desire you will inform them whether you have

a constant trader to Boston or South Carolina ready to sail, as the East

India Com^y intend to export teas to both those Colonies, and are

desirous of giving you the preference of the freight.

                              I am, sir,

                                     Your most obedi^t ser^t

                                                            WM. SETTLE.

East India House, 5^th Aug^t 1773.

  To George Hayley, Esq^r.

    Thos. Lane, Esq^r.

    Alex. Champion, Esq^r.

       *       *       *       *       *


The deputy chairman of the East India Com^y desires you would point out

to the Com^tee of Warehouses what sorts of tea and quantity of each are,

in your opinion, proper to be sent to Boston & South Carolina, to make

up to the former of those places, an export equal to 300 large chests of

Bohea tea, and the latter a quantity equal to 200 large chests Bohea.

Mr. Holbrook says if you can be with him this morning, you will expedite

his business very much, as the Com^tee have directed him to make ready

for shipping immediately.

                            I am, sir,

                                      Your most hum. serv^t

                                                          WM. SETTLE.

    East India House, 6^th Aug^t 1773.

  Mr. Wm. Settle.



                                  So.      New

                      Boston.  Carolina.  York.  Philadelphia.  Total.

  Bohea,   l. ch^ts.     268       182      568        568        1586

  Congo, sm^l   d^o.       20        10       20         20          70

  Singlo,       d^o.      80        50       80         80         290

  Hyson,        d^o.      20        10       20         20          70

  Souchong,     d^o.      10         5       10         10          35




  Bohea,                         562,421

  Singlo,                         22,546

  Hyson,                           5,285

  Souchong,                        2,392

  Congou,                          6,015


                   Total lbs.,   598,659



The Hayley, James Scott, is now ready to sail, & I mean to dispatch her

15^th Aug^t. The Dartmouth, James Hall,[38] will be here about 14 days

longer. These two are constant traders to Boston.

I have no connection with the Carolina trade, but I understand the

London, Curling, belonging to Greenwood & Higginson, is now ready for

sailing, and is a constant trader. Mr. Settle will please to inform the

Com^tee of the above & thereby oblige,

                                 His humble servant,

                                               GEORGE HAYLEY.

East India H^o 10 Aug^t 1773.

       *       *       *       *       *



By order of the Court of Directors of the United East India Comp^y, I

transmit you the enclosed petition, with their request that you will be

pleased to lay the same before the Right Hon'ble the Lords Commissioners

of the Treasury.

               I am, very respectfully, sir,

                           Your most obed^t & hum. ser^t

                                               PETER MITCHELL, Sec^y.

       *       *       *       *       *


_The humble Petition of the United Company of Merchants of England

trading to the East Indies._


That by an Act passed in the last session of Parliament, it is among

other things enacted, "That it shall and may be lawful for the

Commissioners of his Majesty's treasury, or any three or more of them,

or the High Treasurer for the time being, to grant a licence or licences

to the said United Company, to take out of their warehouses such

quantity or quantities of tea as the said Commissioners of the Treasury,

or any three or more of them, or the High Treasurer for the time being,

shall think fit, without the same having been exposed to sale in this

kingdom, and to export such tea to any of the British colonies or

plantations in America, or to foreign parts discharged from the payment

of any of the customs or duties whatsoever."

That the said United Com^ny have agreed to export to the British

colonies or plantations in America a quantity of teas, equal in weight

to 1700 large chests of Bohea tea, which quantity will not in the whole

exceed six hundred thousand pounds weight. And your petitioner having in

the affidavit hereunto annexed shewed unto your lords^ps that after the

taking out of their warehouses the said quantities of teas so intended

to be exported, that there will be left remaining in the warehouses of

the said United Company a quantity of tea not less than ten millions of

pounds weight, as by the said Act is directed.

Your petitioners therefore pray your lordships to grant them a licence

to take out of their warehouses the quantities of teas above mentioned,

not exceeding in the whole six hundred thousand pounds weight, without

the same having been exposed to sale in this kingdom, and to export such

tea discharged from the payment of any customs or duties whatsoever.

By order of the Court of Directors of the said Company.

                                                    P. MITCHELL, Sec^y.

East India Ho. 19^th April, 1773.



After our hearty commendations. Whereas, the united company of merchants

of England trading to the East Indies, have, by the annexed petition,

humbly prayed us to grant them, in pursuance of an Act passed the last

session of Parliament, a licence to take out of their warehouses a

quantity of teas, equal in weight to one thousand seven hundred large

chests of Bohea tea, which quantity will not in the whole exceed six

hundred thousand pounds weight, without the same having been exposed to

sale in this kingdom, and to export such tea discharged from the payment

of any customs or duties whatsoever, to the British colonies or

plantations in America. And it appearing to us by the annexed affidavit,

that there will be left remaining in their warehouses a quantity of tea

not less than ten millions of pounds weight, as by the said Act is

provided and directed. Now we, having taken the said application and the

several matters and things therein set forth into our consideration, do

think fit to comply with the request of the said petitioners. And in

pursuance of the powers given unto us by the said Act, we do hereby

authorise, permit and grant licence to the said Company to take out of

their warehouses the said quantity of tea, not exceeding in the whole

six hundred thousand pounds weight, without the same having been exposed

to sale in this kingdom, and to export such teas discharged from the

payment of any customs or duties whatsoever, to any of the British

colonies or plantations in America. Nevertheless, you are therein to

take especial care, that all and every the rules, regulations &

restrictions and orders directed by the said recited Act, relating to

the exportation of such teas, or any ways concerning the same, be in

all and every respect fully obeyed and observed. And for so doing, this

shall be as well to you as to the said Company, and to all other

officers & persons whatsoever herein concerned, a sufficient warrant.

[Illustration: LORD NORTH.]

Given under our hands and seals at the Treasury Chambers, Whitehall, the

20^th day of August, one thousand seven hundred and seventy three; in

the thirteenth year of the reign of our sovereign lord, George the

Third, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, and so forth.


                                                           C. TOWNSHEND.

                                                           C.J. FOX.

To our very loving friends the Commissioners, for managing His Majesty's

Revenues of Customs and Excise, now and for the time being, and to all

other officers and persons herein concerned.

       *       *       *       *       *

_East India Company, Licence to Export Teas_

Hon'ble Sirs:

We have the ship Eleanor, James Bruce, about 250 tons, (a constant

trader,) which we intend for Boston, and should be much obliged for the

freight of the teas you intend exporting to that place.

We have no ship bound to South Carolina, but are much obliged for the

preference given us. We are, sirs,

                         Your most h'ble sert^s.

                                              LANE, SON & FRASER.

Nicholas Lane, 6^th Aug^st 1773.

The Hon'ble the Court of Directors, &c., &c.

John Dorrien, Esq^r. recommends for Boston, the Beaver, Capt^n Coffin.

       *       *       *       *       *


I wrote you under date of the 5^th inst^t that you would be pleased to

inform the Committee of Warehouses, whether you had a constant trader

ready to sail for Boston or South Carolina, but should have said to

Boston only. I am therefore to desire the favor of an answer whether you

have a constant trader ready for that colony.

                                          I am, &c., &c.,

                                                        WM. SETTLE.

  East India H^o. Aug^t 10, 1773.

  Alex. Champion, Esq^r.



In answer to your esteemed of the 5^th and 10^th current, am obliged by

the favor intended, but at present have only one ship under my care

bound to Boston, who will depart in a very few days, but she is not a

constant trader. It is not, therefore, in my power to accept of the


                                I am, sir,

                                         Your most hum. serv^t.

                                            ALEXANDER CHAMPION.

  Bishopgate Street, Aug^t 10, 1773.

Mr. Wm. Settle.


Hon'ble Sir:

Being informed you have some teas to ship to America, I have now a

vessel, British built, burthen about 160 tons, which should be glad to

lett to your honors for the above purpose.

   I am, with due regard, hon'ble sirs,

                               Your most obed^t servt^t,

                                                       THOS. WALTERS.

  Carolina Coffee House,

    Birchen Lane, 17^th Aug^t 1773.

  The Elizabeth, John Scott, for any part of America.

  To the Hon'ble Directors of

    the East India Company.

       *       *       *       *       *

Mr. Abraham Dupies, in Gracechurch Street, will become obligated for

Richard Clarke & Sons, of Boston.

       *       *       *       *       *


I have a vessel in this port, which will be ready to return to America

in a few days, therefore take the opportunity to acquaint you that I am

willing to take on board her 600 chests of tea, either for New York or

Philadelphia, at the a customary freight given from hence to those


                    I am, gentl^n your most hum. servant,

                                                       JOSEPH CABOT.

    Threadneedle Street, 24 Aug^t 1773.

  To the Hon'ble Committee of Warehouses.


                                                 London, Aug^t 26, 1773.


We pray you to inform the Com^tee of Warehouses for the Hon'ble the East

India Company that we have a ship, _river built_, called the Nancy,

commanded by Captain Colville, compleately fitted and ready to receive

the tea for New York, which we beg leave to recommend to the Committee.

We are, sir,

                  Your most obedient and humble servants,

                                                        JOHN BLACKBURN.

                                                        PIGOU & BOOTH.

                                                        WM. KELLY & CO.

Mr. Wm. Settle.



Please to acquaint the Hon'ble Committee of Warehouses, that we have

taken up the Polly, Cap^t Ayres, for Philadelphia, to carry the

Company's tea to that port, which vessel lays at Princes Stairs,

Rotherhith, and was built at Ipswich, in the year 1765. She is now ready

to take in.

                           We are, sirs,

                                  Your most h'ble serv^ts.

                                                       PIGOU & BOOTH,

                              For selves & GEORGE BROWNE,

                                SAMUEL WHARTON & GILBERT BARKLEY.

    Mark Lane, 31st Aug^t 1773.

  Mr. Wm. Settle.

       *       *       *       *       *


Your remarks to the bond offered you, relative to the 600 chests of tea,

which are to be exported to New York, have been laid before the

Committee of Warehouses, and they are of opinion that the said bond is

according to the agreement made with the several gentlemen for the

different Colonies, and the merchants who are concerned for the tea to

Boston, have executed their bonds agreeable thereto, and Messrs.

Wharton, Pigou & Barkley have agreed also to execute on Thursday

morning. Therefore, I am to desire you to inform me whether you will

please likewise to execute the said bond.

                            I am, sir,

                                   Your most h'ble serv^t

                                                         WM. SETTLE.

  East India House, 31^st Aug^t 1773.

  To John Blackburn, Esq^r.

    William Kelly, Esq^r.

       *       *       *       *       *


As the several gentlemen mentioned in your polite note of this day have

executed the bond, I shall with pleasure follow their example, and on

Thursday next I propose waiting on you for that purpose. I am sir,

                                      Your most h'ble serv^t

                                                        JOHN BLACKBURN.

    Scot's Yard, 31st Aug^t 1773.

  Mr. Wm. Settle.

       *       *       *       *       *


Last evening I had the pleasure to receive your favor of yesterday,

relative to the bond which I am to sign for New York, and the objections

made to its draught by Mr. Blackburn, Pigou and myself, which at the

time appeared resonable to us, but as others have signed in the form

shewn to me, I don't mean to be particular, and therefore shall conform,

relying on the honor of the Com^tee in all future matters.

Tomorrow I am indispensably obliged to go out of town shall return on

Saturday next, wait on you, & execute the bond. I am, sir,

                    Your most obedi^t & most hum. serv^t

                                                        WM. KELLY.

    Crescent, Sep. 1^st 1773.

  Mr. Wm. Settle.

       *       *       *       *       *

_Freight of 568 whole, & 130 half chests of Tea, shipped on the Polly,

Cap^t Sam^l Ayres, for Philadelphia:_


  568 chests con^g for freight,         8748.6

  130 quarter d^o.       d^o             656.9




  9405.3 at 1s. 6d. pr foot, Philadelphia currency, is £705 7 10-1/2


  Primage on 235-1/3 at 2s. sterl^g pr ton, is £23 10 3

_Freight of Tea on the London, to South Carolina:_


  182   chests measure 2644.3 at 1s. pr foot     £132 4 3

   75     d^o.   d^o.   345.9  d^o.                17 5 9

  ----                                           --------

  257                                            149 10 0

        Primage, 5 pr cent                         7 10 0


                                                 Â£157 0 0

_Freight of Tea shipped on the William, for Boston:_


  58 chests measure 585.11, at 1s. 4d. pr foot,   £39 1 3 L.M.

                            Primage,                1 9 6 sterl^g.

_Freight of 698 chests Tea on the Nancy, for New York:_


  698 chests measure 9264.8, at 2s. 3d. pr foot, is

  Currency,                                         £1042 5 4

  Sterling, £30 8 2    Primage, 5 pr ct.               52 2 3


                                                    £1094 7 7



_Freight of 114 chests Tea on the Eleanor, for Boston:_


  114 chests measure 1383.4, at 1s. 4d.        Â£92 4 5 L.M.

                     Primage,                   £3 9 0


_Freight of 112 chests Tea on the Beaver, for Boston:_


  112 chests measure 1375, at 1s. 4d., is     £91 13 10 L.M.

      34-1/2 tons at 2s. pr ton primage,       £3 17  0

Whitehall, Dec^r 17^th 1773.

Lord Dartmouth presents his compliments to Mr. Wheler, and requests the

favor to see him at his office, at Whitehall, on Monday morning next, at

eleven o'clock, on the subject of some advices Lord Dartmouth has lately

received from America, respecting the importation of tea from England.



The Com^tee of Warehouses of the E.I. Com^y desire you would please to inform them whether you have receiv^d any advices from _Boston_ relative to the said Com^ys exportation of tea to that colony, and if you have, to communicate the purport thereof to the Committee. I am, sir,

                                  Your most obe. ser^t WM. SETTLE.

East India House, 20^th Dec^r 1773.

  To Mr. Wm. Palmer,} Brook Watson,     }   _Boston._

  Wm. Greenwood,   } J^o. Nutt,       }    _South Carolina._

  Jn^o. Blackburn, } Wm. Kelly,       }    _New York._

  Fred^k Pigou, Jun^r.  _New York & Philadelphia._

  Geo. Browne,    } Sam^l Wharton,  }     _Philadelphia._




The Comm^tee of Warehouses desire the favor of an answer under your hand to my letter of yesterday, relative to the exportation of tea to _Boston_. I am, sir,

  Your most obd^t servant,


East India House, 21^st Dec^r 1773.

  Brook Watson, Esq^r. _Boston._ Wm. Greenwood, Esq^r. } John Nutt, Esq^r.     } _South Carolina._ John Blackburn, Esq^r. _New York._ Geo. Browne, Esq^r. _Philadelphia._