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Science as we know it today was in its infancy. Technology, the age of machines, began in the later half of the 18th century. Industries were still in the homes and small shops everywhere. Science during the 18th century falls into two categories or periods; the Baroque period, which started in the 17th century and lasted to the early 18th century, and the Classical period which lasted into the early 19th century.

Definitions

Before we look into these Web sites, I will define a few terms for my younger readers.

Science
The Dictionary defines science as the observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of natural phenomena.

Technology
The Dictionary defines technology as the application, or use of science, especially in industry or commerce.

Websites

Now on to the fun stuff, finding out where to look on the Internet for sites that describe or discuss this topic. 

 Evolution Entrance
The theory of evolution had its beginnings in the 18th century. This site explores the people and ideas that pertain to this controversial theory. It has biographies and other links to similar Web sites on the Internet.

Jesuits and the Sciences: 1540-1995
Throughout history, the Catholic Church made a considerable contribution to science. The Jesuits, a monastic order, were and still are major contributors to the knowledge of the way things work. This is the main page that starts you off with an interesting look into their contributions to mankind. For the purposes of learning about the 18th century, you want to go to the Jesuits and the Sciences, 1720-1773 page of the site. 

Timeline of the Inventors of the 18th Century
Mary Bellis, the About.com guide to inventors has this timeline of the inventors of the era.  This site also has other articles and resources about the topic.

18th Century Science and Math Resources
The 18th Century History Resources Website maintained by Jack Lynch has links to information and resources to websites that discuss this topic.

The Triumph of Science... (lecture 9)
This lecture by Steven Kreis discusses the influence of the Enlightenment on the field of Science, particularly the Social Sciences of today. 

For more information about science and technology, check out the Science and Technology Internet Resource section of this site.