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Until a few decades ago, the process of education and the ideals it emphasized on was aimed at developing a “perfect” citizenry. Later, the purpose of receiving education altered to make sure that the people are trained well, and again the system evolved to pave the way for newer and more technologically advanced processes of learning.

As the digital revolution takes the world by storm, it has become simpler for students to seek help with education stating, “can anyone do my assignment for me".

But in the 18th century, unlike it is in today’s digitally enhanced education system, creativity wasn’t as freely supported. But, the world was grappling with a transitional phase, and that was reflected in the education system as well. So let’s decode the probable issues that were directly or indirectly responsible for challenges of pursuing quality education in the 18th century.

1. Education wasn’t for every section of the society, and only meant for privileged sections:

One of the major issues that haunted the education system in 18the century in most parts of the world is the increased expenditure that the students had to incur which made it impossible for most people to pursue higher education.

According to academicians, the elevated cost was inversely proportional with the opportunities for well-paying jobs, in an era that was gripped by the onslaught of Industrial Revolution and the rise of the working class population. This brings us to the inevitable outcome that suggests how students were grappling with humongous underemployment.

In this case, what must be noted is that if the cost of pursuing education surpassed the ability of working middle-class families to pay for, the problem escalated to a level where it impacted other areas of education.

Of course, educational institutions were well-acquainted with this issue and took adequate measures to deal with it and offered proper financial aid for students who lacked the resources to pursue a quality education. The ultimate objective of the institutions was to search for ways to provide students with an enriching, cost-efficient education.

2.  Lack of proper funds in institutions:

There was a sharp decline in the amount of funding for educational institutions since the advent of the 18th century. And the worst part was that this trend continued for the better part of the century. Now as funding for institutions were on a decent, universities and colleges were looking for funding from the privileged sections of the society, which included the royalties and the nobility. So some universities and colleges ventured into seeking the patronage of the nobilities or royalties.

These were the earliest recorded instances of privatization of the public colleges and universities. As a result, rather than the purpose of learning and gathering knowledge, the source of funding was driven by the interests of those privileged class.

Hence, a significant part of the university system in the 18th century including the profit-driven institutions were part of the private ownership. This means they no longer felt compelled to follow the same policies for admission, or specific regulations, or even academic requirements as laid out by the specific educational institutions.

The privatization of the education system was a matter of concern for administrators and scholars. Eminent educators and administrators who provide essay help believed that the advantages that were once enjoyed by the students of the public university system gradually declined as the institutions turned to royal patronages for funds.

But as has been discussed above, universities made conscious efforts to create their programs in a way that’s financially attainable for students, which in turn increased the number of admissions and reduced the funding issues that led them to seek help from private organizations.

3. The link between education, free speech and campus civility:

Anyone who frequently keeps tabs on the current news would understand that the issues of education, campus civility and freedom of speech are intertwined. Historically speaking, many universities, schools, and institutions have been instrumental in the past for promoting freedom of speech and expression for students and faculty alike.

The governing bodies and authorities have always put emphasis on the mission to ensure that this freedom is cherished by the students, studying in institutions.

However, the scenarios were quite different in the 18th century, the issues of free speech and expression were severely criticized by certain sections of the society.

The political situation and the persisting turmoil due to the various socio-economic issues, which found a place not only within university campuses but also in different parts of the world, had put university administrators in a tight spot.

The institutions were struggling to maintain a balance between free speech and maintaining a secure and safe environment on university and college campuses.

Freedom of speech has always been a critical aspect in the 18th century. In this case, educational institutions had aimed to create a favorable and harmonious environment for the peaceful co-existence of the students belonging to different ethnicity and race.

4. The introduction of new methods and curriculum

The changes in teaching methods and curriculum are not only a current scenario but was also a persistent and relevant issue back in the 18th century. As with everything around the world, the process of teaching and learning too was going through a transitional phase.

Students were warming up to more self-guided and interactive processes of learning. The accessibility to information was slowly becoming easier, and institutions started restructuring their curriculum to stay relevant with the changing times and allowed the students to work with emerging trends.

The universities also identified that uniform models of learning and assessment were turning out to be outdated. More student-centric approaches were being adopted to determine the process of learning and success.

However, the professors who were used to the traditional ways of teaching, curriculum and methods, found it too complex to include into their long-established teaching patterns. The teachers and professors grappled to cope with the intricate teaching methods that they weren’t well-versed in and often found it hard to implement them into the curriculum effectively.

As a parting note, it must be pointed out that the structure and system of global culture and economic balances were under rapid transformation. Additionally, the political and cultural scenario of the world was also at a delicate state on some fundamental levels, and that resulted in conflicts and disagreements. These issues had directly or indirectly affected the education system during the 18th century.

However, institutions today have become proactive while dealing with different conflicts, and are coming up with different solutions. Thankfully, the education system still upholds the process of learning today, as it did in the 18th century.

Author Bio: Hermilie Johnson is an eminent academician, and activist who has also served as a visiting faculty at many reputed universities in Australia. She has pursued her Ph.D. in Sociology from Queensland University and has an assignment help expert.