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The 18th-century studies analyses and studies the rich culture of English literature in the 18th century. They are committed to publishing all the major literary works of 18thcentury. Thus, an attempt to bring back the literature that shaped the future of literature as a whole.

It is published in the form of a journal. The main emphasis is on the finding the long-forgotten texts and study its various characteristics. Extensive analysis is done to find how the texts or literature evolved through the century. As the analysis of the unearthed literature works is being done, we are seeing that the literature of 18thcentury that spanned across the countries, had started to influence each other in a major way. The 18th-century studies are published by the American Society for Eighteenth-CenturyStudies (ASECS)

The intellectual works span across various disciples like theatre, literature,etc. The literary culture of 18th-century allures many scholars to recover the texts as they don’t just represent a collection of the texts written at that time. The scholars found a remarkable trait in the works of 18thcenturies that resonated far beyond that century. They found that the disciplines of literature started following new ideas and new forms of storytelling methods.

Satire was one of those new approaches. Satire is the use of humor to bring about an awareness expose someone. The periodfrom 1660 to 1750 was regarded as the “Golden Age” of English Satire. It was a time period the brought on satirists who publicized their works to the world. The effect was dramatic as satire didn’t just reserve itself to stories or theatre, there was a multitude of English poems that used satire in its very essence.

Writers like Daniel Defoe were keen supporters of Satire. The increased usage of satire informed thegeneral public of tyranny and injustice that were on at that time in a humoristic way. Therefore, theperiod garnered many names like the “Age of reason” or “Age of Enlightenment.” But collectively it was called the “Age of Satire.”

Satirists like Rochester, Dryden, Pope, Swift,and Jonson contributed a lot to thesatirical literature of the 18th century. The 18th-century studies weren’t just aimed to recover the works of popular or well-known artists of the time. The committee decided that if they wanted to know the impact of satire or how the public viewed it, they searched literary works that were written by lesser-known writers and orartists.  This approach gave the understanding of the public’s reaction towards satire at that time.

Literature works of Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift showed sharp, perceptive works. They targeted the follies of the upper class and how some actions of the people in power were unacceptable or dimwitted.

The writers of that time were also constraining themselves in some ways. They made it sure that satire should not go too far so that it would just become bitter ranting. The reason why satire becomes so popular among the masses was that of the same reason. They sharpened their satirical skill within the parameters of reasoning. It was a form of entertainment that was purely focused on two objectives. The first one was to give the humoristic approach to literature and the second was to create an awareness or inform people about a subject or an action.

Poetry flourished with the use of satire. The mock-heroic tone and approach in many ways an attempt to show criticism towards a change or a rule in a non-violent way. The moral corruption of the society was being exposed to literature,and it was amuch-needed change. Now in the modern era, we enjoy this much freedom of speech because of reminiscent efforts of the writers of the past.

References

Literature, Depratment of English and Comparative. n.d. SAMPLE READING LIST: Eighteenth-Century Satire. 

Missouri, University of. n.d. Restoration and 18th-Century Studies.

—. n.d. Restoration and 18th-Century Studies.

Szwec, Jonathan J. 2011. Satire in 18th Century British Society: Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock and Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal.

Wilkinson, Andrew M. 2008. The rise of English verse satire in the eighteenth century. August 13.

 

About The Author 

Thomas Brown
Thomas Brown

 

I am a essay writer and I love writing and it is reason for me to choose writing as a full time career. I help students who come up to me to write Essay Writing Service Reviews and also I used to write articles for different blogs whenever I become free from my other works.