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The history of St. Petersburg is unusual since the very beginning of this burg. Unlike most cities in the world, this capital arose not by natural means and had initially almost "unnatural functions" for the burg of the cities. Today, it is the second largest city and is among the top most visited cities in the world.

It did not appear as a result of the economic development division of the already existing settlement of people, or because of the existing "strategic necessity", but practically in opposition to these basic principles. The history began with a "royal whim", with the imperial voluntarist decision to establish a new burg, "Paradise", "dream capital", etc.

 

History of the Founding of the Burg on the Neva

Petersburg was intended in 1703 when Peter the Great laid the bastille called St. Peter Burke on the land won from the Swedes. The bastille was personally planned by Peter. The name of this bastille was given to the Northern Capital. The bastille was named by Peter in honor of Peter and Paul.

The new burg began to grow next to the bastille on the nearby Birch Island. Already in November 1703, the first temple of the burg was opened here. Reconstructed a few years later in stone, the Trinity Cathedral was for some time the main temple of the capital. Here in 1721, Peter, I took the title of the Emperor.

 

"The Golden Age" of Catherine

The time of the reign of Catherine the Great left a serious trace. Being a very educated and energetic woman, the Empress did a great deal for the cultural life of the burg.  She acquired from abroad rare art objects for the State Hermitage Museum; bought expensive scientific manuscripts, books for the capital's universities; founded more than 25 higher educational institutions. By the decree of Catherine the Marble and Tauride palaces were built; The Winter Palace was joined by the Small and the Old Hermitage.

 

Reign of Alexander

Everyone expected reforms in stagnant Russia from admiralty the Alexander. In the foreign policy of the state in general, and of the capital in particular, the Russian-French war with Napoleon was brewing.  The first battle of Austerlitz, the Russian troops lost. In 1807, the Tilsit Peace Treaty served as a temporary truce. In 1812 French troops led by Napoleon invaded Russia, but were defeated. The Russian military reached the heart of France. Already in 1814 Napoleon resigned.

 

History of St. Petersburg under Emperor Paul I

Paul I is one of the most mysterious figures of the Romanov dynasty, called by historians "Russian Hamlet" and became a participant of many mystical subjects. He did not manage to stay in the capital for long; the days of his reign were tragically interrupted by the murder in the Mikhailovsky Castle and amounted to only 4 years.

Under Paul, the burg "acquires" its first Mikhailovsky castle, which the emperor builds in exchange for the royal palace. The same castle structures are built in the suburbs.

 

Author bio: Mary Winston, writer and editor, coordinator for RankTopTen.com

She has extensive experience in writing articles, essays, and reviews. She adores to rank multitude of stuff including people and brands, films and TV shows, music and entertainment, sports and lifestyle. Details of note have been extracted and distilled down to a simple yet refined "Top 10" formula that reflects the essence of things at their best.